What is Stress ?
Stress is not a mental health condition that tends to have an obvious trigger, typically resolves as life events change. Stress leads to mental health problems like anxiety, depression if it persists over long periods without relief. Depression, a mental health condition that requires a medical diagnosis. Stresses are related to life events whereas depression can happen even if everything in life seems fine and it can last for years. Everyone feels sad or low sometimes, but these feelings usually pass with a little time. Depression is a mood disorder that causes distressing symptoms that affect how you feel, think and handle daily activities, symptoms will be present most of the day, nearly every day for at least 2 weeks. Dysthymia is a persistent depressive disorder. This term is used for the symptoms of depression that last for at least 2 years. Women have depression more often than men.
Reason For Stress ?
Stress is a common problem, triggered by many different personal, social, economic factors including major macro-economic shocks. Across the globe, it imposes a significant economic burden, not just on an individual with the disorder, but also on their families, communities, employers, health care system, and general government budgets. At a time of economic crisis across much of the globe, it is, therefore an issue that societies ignore at their peril: a lack of attention given to the prevention and treatment of stress, depression in the population, and consequent loss of capacity in the workspace, may serve to make it more difficult for countries to emerge from economic austerity. The Hallmark of Depression is dangerousness to ourselves – that is Suicide.
Reason for Stress in Modernistic Society:
- Unstable and incomplete families.
- Priority of personal success.
- High speed of social changes.
- High Anxiety and Depression.
- Technologies and Information pressure.
Stress in the category of lifespan.
- Stress in Early Childhood – Depressive Symptoms, Impaired stress sensitivity, Behavioral problems, Memory problems, Impaired school development.
- In Adolescents – Cognitive Dysfunction, Impaired problem solving, low self-esteem, risky behaviors, Self-harm, Suicidality.
- Stress across the whole lifespan – Poor mental health in different life periods, including anxiety, depression, addiction, Psychosis, early cognitive decay.
A person in an adverse condition like death of a closed one, personal humiliation, disappointment, loss of social status, even financial loss, a psychological response is expected is, of course, normal i.e. stress. Under these circumstances, it is a lack of response that would be abnormal, as in the case with absence of response(apathy) often encountered in patents with Schizophrenia and some patient with a personality disorder.
- On Body – Headache, Muscle pain, Chest pain, Fatigue, Change in Sex drive, Stomach upset, Sleep problems.
- On Mood – Anxiety, Restlessness, Lack of Focus and Motivation, Feeling overwhelmed, Irritability or anger, Sadness or depression.
- Based on Behavior – Overeating or undereating, Anger outbursts, Drug or Alcohol misuse, Tobacco use, Social withdrawal, Exercising less often.
Steps to Overcome from Stress
- Exercise – Release endorphins, which improve the ability to sleep, which reduce stress.
- Laugh – Reduce stress hormones, Release endorphins.
- Learn something new – Helps build confidence.
- Avoid Alcohol and Drugs – Temporary relief from Stress.
- Volunteers – Helping others in need, can help put problems in perspective, The more you give, the less stressed you’ll feel.
- Use breathing exercise – Deep respiration increase O2 supply to the brain and it triggers the body’s relaxation response which promotes the state of calmness.
- Meditation – Allow you to focus on your thought and eliminate worries.
- Spending time with other people and confiding in trusted friends or relatives.
- Postponing important life decisions until you feel better. Discuss decisions with others who know you well.
- Avoid self-medication with alcohol or with drugs not prescribed for you.
- Visit a health care provider or Mental health professionals such as a psychiatrist or psychologist to get proper medication or therapy.
The prevention of depression is an area that deserves attention. Many prevention programs implemented across the lifespan have provided evidence of the reduction of elevated levels of depressive symptoms. Effective community approaches to prevent depression focus on several actions surrounding the strengthening of protective factors and the reduction of risk factors.
Solution for stress is at hand:
Efficacious, cost-effective treatments are available to improve the health and lives of millions of people around the world suffering from depression. It is time to educate ourselves about depression and support those who suffer from a mental disorder.